1. Piano step test
Volkswagen once proposed a “interesting theory” that they wanted to prove that people’s daily behavior can be better because of their fun.
In Stockholm, Sweden, they transformed the staircase of a subway station into a piano keyboard to see if more people choose to give up the escalator and choose a healthier way to climb the stairs because of the changes in the stairs.
The results showed that 66% of the people chose to give up the elevator and choose the stairs.
Experiments show that we all like to make life a little more fun. As long as cities become more interesting, our lifestyles will be happier and healthier.
2. Racial discrimination experiment
In 1968, after the murder of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, a teacher named Jane Eliot tried to arouse a discussion of racial discrimination, prejudice and discrimination among the third graders of a school in lesville, Iowa.
Because all the children in the class were white, Eliot divided the children into “blue eyes” and “brown eyes”.
After the experiment started, the first group of 19 children with blue eyes was the good children group, while the other 19 brown eyes were the bad children group. The good children group had priority to enjoy lunch and toys, while the bad children group not only had no priority, but also could not use the pool or play with blue eyed children, and their bodies were clearly marked.
After the experiment started, 19 children in the good children group obviously began to have hostility and some aggressive behaviors towards the brown eyed children. Their language also changed from the usual address to the discriminatory language, which was very shocking to all, because no one told them to do this.
The next day, the experimental group switched, the results are still the same, and after the switch brown eyes group of children more revenge! In the process of the experiment, there is a little influence worth thinking about, that is, the group judged as good children should be significantly higher in the examination and intelligence level.
At the end of the experiment, Jane explained to the children the purpose of the experiment and what she hoped they would understand. In this experiment of testing human nature, children do feel and understand the feeling of being discriminated against, but the aggression shown by children in the process of grouping is also thought-provoking.
This experiment also shows that when a person’s authority is strong enough, it can influence people’s thinking. If a leader teaches good, he may become Martin; when a leader teaches evil, he will become Hitler.
3. A smoky room
This is an experiment to test the individual’s response in a group. The tester first invites each subject to answer a questionnaire in a room alone, and then puts smoke into the room, When the subjects were alone in the room, 75% of the subjects immediately noticed the smoke within two minutes and reported the situation.
However, when the interviewees were arranged to fill in the questionnaire between the two actors, only 10% of the respondents voluntarily reported the existence of smoke because there were other people in the room. Most of them filled in the questionnaire attentively while covering their mouth and nose, trying to wave the smoke away with their hands.
This experiment shows that when we are in a crowd, our response to an emergency may become slow or even unresponsive. We rely on other people’s reactions, and even ignore our own instincts. Other people’s negative attitude may lead to your inaction. Don’t always assume that others will come forward, because maybe others are waiting for you to take action first.
4. Tumbler experiment
Albert Bandura conducted a tumbler experiment in 1961. He divided the children into three groups. The first group saw an adult fight the tumbler, the second group saw an adult playing with the tumbler, and the third group was the control group, which did not show the demonstration of adults.
The results showed that the group who saw the adult violence against the tumbler was more likely to show violence tendency when they came into contact with the tumbler.
Studies have shown that human behavior stems from imitation rather than internal genes.